Re-evaluating solutions using Python subprocesses

Our series of Python examples continues!  If you’ve missed our previous posts, we have some tutorials in parts one and two, tips on setting up Python and Eclipse, cluster submission guides, and so forth.

Matt has been helping me get up to speed using Python.  He always told me that some processes are a lot easier in Python than in C++, and I suppose I didn’t believe him til recently.  Here is my first shot at a Python program that’s all my own, and I wanted to share it with you here.  The code is below, then some comments follow.  The group has recently begun several GitHub code repositories!  You can link to this code sample at my repository.

import re
import os
import sys
import time
from subprocess import Popen
from subprocess import PIPE

LINE_BUFFERED = 1
        
def main():

    #Define the command that you would like to run through the pipe.  This will typically be your
    #executable set up to work with MOEAframework, and associated arguments.  Specifically here
    #we are working with the LRGV problem.
    cmd = ['./lrgvForMOEAFramework',  '-m', 'std-io', '-c', 'combined', '-b', 'AllDecAll']

    #Verify the command
    print "The command to run is: %s" % cmd

    #Use popen to open a child process.  The standard in, out, and error are sent through a pipe.
    child = Popen(cmd, cwd='//home//joka0958//re-evaluator_2013-04-05//', bufsize=LINE_BUFFERED, stdin=PIPE, stdout=PIPE, stderr=PIPE)

    #The current version of the model spits out some lines to the console when it initializes them.
    #When using this python child process, we need to intentionally send and receive all output (i.e. it doesn't
    #automatically do it for us.  Here there are 3 initialization lines to catch:
    print "Reading initializer lines."
    for i in range(0,3):
       line = child.stdout.readline()
       if line:
         print line
       else:
         raise Exception("Evaluator died!")

    #Now we want to step through an existing Borg output file, which already contains decision variables and objectives.
    #We are going to step through each line, read in the decision variables from the file, and then evaluate those decision
    #variables in our external program.
    myFilename = "AllDecAllExperimentData.txt"
    fp = open(myFilename, 'rb')
    for line in fp:
        if "#" in line:
            #This "if" statement is helpful if you want to preserve the generation separators and header lines that appeared
            #in the original file.
            print line
        else:
            #Read in all the variables on the line (this is both decisions and objectives)
            allVariables = [float(xx) for xx in re.split("[ ,\t]", line.strip())]

            #Only keep what you want
            variables = allVariables[0:8]

            #We want to send the decision variables, separated by a space, and terminated by a newline character
            decvarsAsString = '%f %f %f %f %f %f %f %f\n' % (variables[0], variables[1], variables[2], variables[3], variables[4], variables[5], variables[6], variables[7])

            #We send that string to the child process and catch the result.
            print "Sending to process"
            child.stdin.write(decvarsAsString)
            child.stdin.flush() #you flush, so that the program knows the line was sent

            #Now obtain the program's result
            print "Result:"
            outputLine = child.stdout.readline()
            print outputLine

            #Since this is in a loop, it will operate for every line in the input file.

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Basically, your child process gets created in the beginning of this script. It is hanging out, waiting for input. The cool thing about the way input and output is handled here, is that you have complete control over what gets sent to the child program and what gets read in from it. Also, you can send multiple solutions to the program, and read their output sequentially.

Python also gives you lots of great control over input and output formatting in a relatively simple fashion. Notice how we are moving back and forth from strings and floats effortlessly. I also like how the control sequences (for loops, if else statements) are very straightforward and easy to read.

Feel free to adapt this code for your own purposes, and provide comments below!

Training video: Java file for external problems

In the next few weeks, we’ll be adding blog posts relating to our MOEAframework training.  They are a little bit out of order now, but we may rearrange them as things move forward.

Here we continue our discussion of the “external problem” example in MOEAframework.  A nice feature of the software is the ability to link a problem in a different programming language to the Java MOEA software.  In this video I walk through the different parts of the java file and run a quick example.

Training Video: External problems in MOEAFramework

In the next few weeks, we’ll be adding blog posts relating to our MOEAframework training.  They are a little bit out of order now, but we may rearrange them as things move forward.

Today’s post is a video overview of a simple “external” problem for MOEAframework.  External means that the objective function is coded in another language, compiled in an executable, and it communicates with the MOEAframework algorithms via the command line.  I walk through different components of a simple code file, rosenbrock.c, compile it, and show how to interact with the program via the command line.