According to its website, Python is:
…an easy to learn, powerful programming language. It has efficient high-level data structures and a simple but effective approach to object-oriented programming. Python’s elegant syntax and dynamic typing, together with its interpreted nature, make it an ideal language for scripting and rapid application development in many areas on most platforms.
The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are freely available in source or binary form for all major platforms from the Python Web site,http://www.python.org/, and may be freely distributed. The same site also contains distributions of and pointers to many free third party Python modules, programs and tools, and additional documentation.
This post covers how to set up Python and the Eclipse development environment. We also provide a collection of posts on how to use Python for data analysis, starting here.
The first step is to download Python and its various packages that will likely be useful to you at some point.
Python itself is available at: http://www.python.org/download/
I would recommend downloading and installing version 2.7.2, the latest production release under the 2.X series. Also, stick with the 32-bit version as most all packages will be available for this version. Avoid Python 3.X for now. It is not as widely supported among the various Python packages that you might find useful and as such, should be avoided for now. Keep in mind that there are some syntax differences as well between versions 2.X and 3.X that would need to be addressed whenever it does come time to update.
Just use the default settings during installation.
NOTE: If you have Cygwin installed on your system, it too has likely installed a version of Python. Whenever you run Python from the command line, you should be careful to ensure that you are using the version that you expect (i.e., the default Cygwin installed Python versus the one that you installed). Just be aware of this. In general, it is easy to identify the version being picked up from the path name. Also, it is generally best to use the version that you have installed. It will usually be located in C:\Python27 whereas the Cygwin version will be located in C:\Cygwin\bin.
Now, install the various packages that may be useful. You should always be careful to install a version of the package that matches your version of Python (i.e., 2.7 if you are following my instructions). Sometimes, if a package is not available for the version you are using (i) you may still be able to use it, or (ii) you may need to make minor tweaks to the package source to get things running. Also, always download the package installers, not the source. Here are the common ones that you should definately install:
- NumPy and SciPy available at http://numpy.scipy.org/. These packages are useful for performing scientific computing within Python. Download the “win32 superpacks” for each of these packages for the version of Python that you have installed.
- PIL – the Python Imaging Library available at http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/. This package is useful to manipulating image files.
- matplotlib – a 2D plotting library with Matlab-like syntax available at http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/. This package is very good for creating good publication quality figures. If you starting using it, you will probably notice that the appearance of the figures, even on-screen, is much improved over what Matlab can produce.
The following are some optional packages based on your particular needs:
- Py2exe – a package for bundling Python scripts into MS Windows executable programs available at http://www.py2exe.org/. This is what I use to bundle all of the libraries and source code required by AeroVis into a self contained package that can be installed on any Windows system without the need to build or install Python, VTK, Qt, etc.
- wxPython – GUI package for Python available at http://wxpython.org/. Note, this is for developing graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for your Python scripts, it is not a GUI for Python.
- PyQt – another GUI package for Python available at http://www.riverbankcomputing.co.uk/software/pyqt/intro. PyQt is a set bindings for Nokia’s Qt application framework – a very rich and full featured graphical interface development framework. AeroVis uses PyQt for its graphical interface.
Now that you have Python and all of your needed packages installed, you can now move on to Eclipse. Eclipse is available from http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/packages/release/indigo/r. The latest release (and probably the version you should be using) is Indigo. Since we primarily use Visual Studio for C/C++ development, I would recommend downloading the IDE for Java as this will serve to provide you with a Java environment should you choose to explore this down the road. I think you should be able to install either the 32-bit or 64-bit versions without issue. Just make sure you are running a 64-bit OS if you choose to install that version. When you go to download, Penn State actually has a mirror so choose this. BTW, don’t choose the BitTorrent option – not a good idea on PSU networks.
Once you have downloaded the zip file containing Eclipse, you just unzip it wherever you want it to be installed. This includes portable drives etc. The beauty of Eclipse is that unlike many Windows programs, it is completely self contained and as such, can be run from any location. Once unzipped, create a shortcut to the Eclipse executable and start it up.
Now that Eclipse is installed, we can add a Python development environment inside Eclipse that will provide a very nice Python IDE with debugging capabilities, etc.
The install for packages inside Eclipse proceeds a little differently than what you may be used to.
The best option for installing PyDev is probably to install Aptana Studio which includes a variety of development tools. Go to this site for instructions http://www.aptana.com/downloads/start or read on.
1) In the Eclipse Help menu, select Install New Software
2) Paste this URL into the Work With box: http://download.aptana.com/studio3/plugin/install
3) Check the box for Aptana Studio and click Next
4) Accept the license, etc., and restart Eclipse
Another option is to only install PyDev from within Eclipse, carefully follow the instructions available at: http://pydev.org/manual_101_install.html. There’s no need for me to rehash all of these instructions here as they are quite good at the PyDev site.
Once PyDev is installed, you should be ready to go.
Let me know if you run into any problems by leaving a comment.
Up Next Time…
Developing and debugging Python scripts and projects in Eclipse